In his assessment, the measure, aimed at companies, would be necessary to avoid a sudden and massive return of taxes at a time when many would still have difficulties.
Folha learned that the installment plan is under study and that the minister considers the plan as the minimum to be done by the government for businessmen.
Guedes has already mentioned tax “forgiveness”, which ministry members say is about forgiveness of fines and interest.
In any case, he avoids detailing the issue publicly, on the grounds that the mere announcement of easing payments could cause turmoil in the tax system by encouraging companies to count on possible measures now.
In addition, Guedes uses the war metaphor when saying that medals should not be distributed until the battles are over.
Since the beginning of the pandemic, different tax collections have been postponed by the Ministry of Economy in order to mitigate the effects of the crisis on activity.
This is the case of PIS, Pasep, Cofins and social security contributions paid by companies, which add up to approximately R $ 80 billion in postponed revenues in the two months of the measure.
In April alone, the first month of the postponements, the four postponed charges generated a drop of R $ 35 billion in federal revenue compared to what was originally forecast.
The amount represents more than the annual budget of Bolsa Família.
In addition to the installment payment of deferred taxes, Guedes suggests the possibility of extending the tax relief measures already granted during the pandemic.
An example is the IOF applied to credit operations, which was eliminated for three months. The tax waiver estimated by the Revenue with the measure is around R $ 7 billion in the period.
Guedes considers it possible to postpone the suspension of tax collection.
The minister recalls that in the future the IOF may even end, referring to its model of tax reform that comes to provide for the suppression of this charge.
The plan, however, has not yet been sent to the National Congress.
Almost all tax actions so far do not have a primary impact in 2020 as they are basically postponed collections for the next few months.
But future actions, such as a possible extension of the suspension of the IOF or the payment of deferred taxes in a schedule that extends to 2021, should increase the gap in public accounts this year.
The suspension of tax rules and even the primary result target gives scope for bolder measures this year.
However, in any case, the economic team fears the effects of the actions on public debt.
April revenues already had a real drop (discounting inflation) of almost 30% in April in comparison
comparison with the same month last year.
The weakening of revenue increases the deficit forecast, estimated so far at approximately R $ 700 billion, and raises the ratio between gross debt and GDP (which is expected to drop from 75% to around 90% at the end of the year, as currently forecast) ).
Given these numbers, the economic team also considers that tax measures can be taken differently for each sector.
The special secretary of the Federal Revenue, José Barroso Tostes Neto, said this month that the first tax relief measures to companies announced in March were made without restrictions, with the postponement of tax collection for all sectors. But that the return of companies to activities will not be linear.
Therefore, he says, the segments that are prevented from operating in the resumption will suffer more losses.
“We will focus our analysis and decisions in a sectorial way. Until then, the measures were adopted broadly and generally. With the possibility of selected return, we will assess the need or not for specific measures according to each sector ”, said Tostes Neto.
In the measures for the tax area, Guedes still considers creating a tax on digital transactions and removing labor charges paid by companies, for up to two years, justifying the need for greater generation of jobs to recover the activity.